Danube Delta in 2010

Danube Delta in 2010
Danube Delta in 2010
Wildlife research, Ecoturism, Kayaking, Birdwaching and trekking in the best Reserve of the Biosphere from Europe; all about nature, all about our land, everything you have to know about Danube Delta!

Trekking in the Danube Delta, Ökotourismus in der besten Biosphärenreservat Donaudelta

Contact:
controlecologic@gmail.com crispusngosibiu@gmail.com

marți, 9 februarie 2016

Applied ecology and golden jackal specific ecological systems in Romania

RoHilac BioStars  TECHNICAL PLAN (2016-2020)

by Ovidiu C. Banea

Problem: Despite every effort of conservationist NGOs and hunters to clarify and tranquilize public regarding jackal ecology and behaviour, the image of the golden jackals in Romania is still very bad and species misconception is given every day even through mass-media.
Species is not known and its name is used often when problems exists related to damages in game species, domestic mammals and birds without verified evidence.
Lastly, an announcement of population exponential growth of 7 times in the last 14 years was interpreted like an alert for mass-media and journalists began to frighten (here).
Normally, it happens when a relative new species spreads in a new territory. In Romania jackals are reported now in 28 of 41 counties and the total numbers is estimated as being 6.000 individuals; in the same areas the total numbers of foxes is estimated as being of 17.000 individuals).
Jackal supposed and unverified damages to poultry near human settlements are also incriminated to re-open and validate hunting in the Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve after 5 years of prohibition. A child is supposed that was eaten by jackals when some bones were found near a den (ProTV news), dozens of sheep were eaten by jackals (here), or invasion of the beast in Gorj county are only few titles.


RoHilac BioStars 

RoHilac BioStars (RoJackal) biodiversity and human activity in jackal specific ecological systems is a technical plan initiated by Crispus NGO Sibiu in January 2016 which will contain several projects and activities with the aim of a better understanding of species ecosystems, biotic and ecological relations.

During 2016-2020 period Ecology Department of Crispus NGO Sibiu Romania together with researchers from GAHSF (AGVPS) - General Association of Hunters and Sports Fishermen Romania, specialists from USAMV Cluj-Napoca and international partners will perform different activities within the technical plan RoHilac BioStars (RoJackal), biodiversity and human activity in relation with the golden jackals in Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve, hunting terrains and other natural areas from central and western parts of Romania.



Goal: Applied ecology and sustainable management in target study areas and establishing, together with our partners and Romanian Environmental Board authorities delegates the Conservation and Management Action Plan in jackal specific ecological systems of Romania.

TEAM - preliminary activities (Cernica, January 2016)

Ovidiu C. Banea (Ecology Department NGO Crispus Sibiu)
Cristian R. Papp (WWF Romania)
Neculai Selaru (Executive President of AGVPS-GAHSF, Romania)
Vladimir H. Talpes (Director of GAHSF, Romania)
Calin M. Gherman (USAMV Cluj-Napoca, Romania)
Angela M. Ionică (USAMV Cluj-Napoca, Romania)

International expert researchers of jackal species, collaborators of RoHilac BioStars PLAN

Duško Ćirović (Institute of Zoology, Faculty of Biology, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia)
Nikolai Spassov (National History Museum, Sofia Bulgaria)
Giorgos Giannatos (Department of Zoology - Marine Biology, School of Biology, University of Athens, Greece)








A cooperation protocol was signed between Ecology Department of Crispus NGO Sibiu and General Association of Hunters and Sports Fishermen from Romania GAHSF-AGVPS and a technical worksheet was written as support for the fieldwork. 

Cernica 18th of January 2016

First activity took place in neighbourhood of Bucharest and was organized by AGVPS (GAHSF). During the last 3 weeks 16 jackals and 4 red foxes were legally removed from hunting terrains in Southern Romania). Biometry, parazitology and age determination were performed for jackals and diet analysis (macroscopic stomach content) was performed for boths jackal and foxes.





Results: 
After collecting biometric data (total weight, length, high, toracic circumference, interauricular distance, foots lenght and width) we performed age classification and stomach removal. At the end the carcasses were taken to USAMV Cluj-Napoca for further endoparazitological and anatomical studies.



Age determination was performed for 14 jackals: 10 were estimated as being approx 9-10 months old, 2 of them were estimated as being 21-22 months old (almost 2 years) and the other 2 were estimated as being 33-34 months old (3 years). We used classic method of clovers shape of observed incisives, pulp-cavity/tooth witdh ratios to classified juveniles less than 1 years old and counting of layers of dentine cementum in longitudinal profiles of the right upper canine.






Stomach content: 5 of 16 stomachs were empty. The rest of them contained one or more items: fruits (in 2 stomachs), plant materials (in 4 stomachs), hair of domestic ungulates (in 1 stomach), scavenged dog (in 2 stomachs), wildboar hair and skin (in 4) and indigestible material (in 2).  Three of the red foxes stomachs were empty and one contained fruits.







Genetics: To a better understanding of cluster genetic variability and period of settlement we sampled tissues and we will perform genetic studies for each of the collected specimens.




miercuri, 27 ianuarie 2016

Hilacul sau sacalul auriu NU este o specie invaziva

Info Terra, o emisiune de Teofila Nistor AICI integral. Ovidiu Banea, director al Corpului de Control Ecologic al ONG Crispus din Sibiu explica situatia legala a sacalului in Europa.
Deja din anul 2012 Crispus anunta si avertiza asupra statutului legal al speciei. Se afla in Anexa Va a Directivei Habitate alaturi de capra neagra, dihorul de casa si jderul de camp. Pentru aceste mamifere este obligatoriu studiul efectivelor si monitorizarea acestora inaintea oricaror masuri de management.
In luna ianuarie 2016 a aparut si o alerta pe buletinul saptamanal al Comisiei Europene unde se arata si se explica cu argumente stiintifice de ce sacalul auriu nu trebuie considerat specie invaziva pe tot teritoriul UE.
Raportul AICI.

marți, 19 ianuarie 2016

Conservation and Hunting in Romania

On 19th of January 2016 took place the first meeting between wildlife conservationist NGOs and National Association of Hunting and Fishing of Romania (AGVPS) with the aim of a better collaboration in the field of game species conservation and sustainable management. 

An Informal Group (or Federation) of wildlife ecology and management IGWEM between WWF, AGVPS, Ecology Department of Crispus NGO Sibiu and Birdlife Romania (SOR) was the main topic of discussions. Further activities and objectives will be established during next days.

Improve and assessment of Hunting law, obtaining data regarding the harvest quotas of prioritare species (wolves, lynx, bears) from Game Management Authority, which at this moment are not allowed to public, Conservation Action Plan for jackals and other wildlife species are some of the proposed objectives of IGWEM.

To this meeting participated Neculai Selaru and Vladimir-Horia Talpes (AGVPS), Cristian-Remus Papp si Magor Csibi (WWF Romania),  Ovidiu Bufnila, Dan Hulea si Marina Cazacu (SOR), Alina Frim (Asociatia "Coridorul Verde") si Ovidiu Banea (ONG Crispus Sibiu).


vineri, 8 ianuarie 2016

DANUBIUS 2015, Winter wildlife survey

Danubius Jackal Camp 2015

de Ovidiu C. Banea 

In perioada 14-18 decembrie 2015 a avut loc expeditia Danubius Jackal Camp 2015, un studiu de monitorizare a ecosistemelor specifice hilacului (sacalului auriu) din arii naturale din centrul, sud-vestul si estul Romaniei. Lunca Muresului, Calnic-Plostina-Rosiuta-Motru-Strehaia, Ianca-Sutesti-Movila Miresii-Tepes Voda, Braila-Tichilesti si Crisan-Caraorman au fost principalele locuri unde s-a desfasurat actiunea.  Expeditia a fost organizata de catre Departamentul de Ecologie al ONG Crispus Sibiu si Asociatia Biotur (o asociatie noua, care nu are deocamdata personalitate juridica). S-a urmarit obtinerea de date noi de densitate a hilacilor in zone propuse de ecolog-biolog Ovidiu C. Banea si ecologul Cristian R. Papp pentru a initia o colaborare mai ampla pentru modelare de habitat la scara europeana cu metode matematice, GIS si GLM cu colegul Nathan Ranc de la Univ Harvard.  Au mai participat ecologii Radu Mot (Lunca Muresului), Roxana Papp, Jennifer Hatlauf (specialist in ecologia si managementul faunei salbatice din Austria) si Cristian Mititelu (Delta Dunarii). Comunicat de presa

Rezultate:
S-au obtinut raspunsuri de la 13 grupuri teritoriale GT (aprox 39 hilaci) dupa cum urmeaza: Lunca Muresului 4 GT, Calnic-Motru-Strehaia 0 GT, Ianca-Sutesti-Movila Miresii 4 GT, Braila-Tichiesti 0 GT, Crisan-Caraorman 5 GT.
La intoarcere din delta, s-a discutat la sediul ARBDD o posibila colaborare privind studiul speciei si pe viitor. S-a mentionat si vanatoarea ilegala la hilac in delta, cu studiu de caz aici. Interlocutor a fost doamna Ing. Viorica Basca intrucat guvernatorul ARBDD, Ing. Lucian-Eduard Simion era in deplasare de serviciu.
Chiar daca vanatoarea se permite (de catre academia romana??? ce for???) in lunile decembrie si ianuarie pentru speciile considerate invazive (hilac si mistret). De unde specia invaziva sacal? in ce baza legala? sau stiintifica? pe ce criterii se stabileste invazibilitatea unei specii?
In 18 decembrie 2015, la sediul AGVPSR din Bucuresti, a avut loc o intalnire intre presedintele executiv AGVPS Dr. Ing. Neculai Selaru, managerul general WWF Romania Dr. Biol. MSc. Orieta Hulea, coordonator proiecte arii protejate si urs WWF Ecol. MSc. Cristian R. Papp si Ecol. MSc. Ovidiu C. Banea (Departamentul de Ecologie al ONG Crispus Sibiu). 
Discutia, mai mult informala, a avut subiecte variate, in special legate de vanatoarea la urs, de monitorizarea si stabilirea efectivelor la urs in Romania cu tehnici moderne si de o posibila colaborare la nivel national intre AGVPSR si WWF pentru o actiune de monitorizare a faunei salbatice intr-un mod integrat in ecosisteme specifice hilacului (sacalului auriu). Desigur, o viitoare intrevedere este absolut necesara pentru formalizarea si inceperea colaborarii intre aceste entitati. 

Actiuni viitoare:
In ceea ce priveste Departamentul de Ecologie al ONG Crispus Sibiu vom raporta intr-un mod deschis rezultatele colaboratorilor nostri de fiecare data. Astazi putem spune ca hilacul (sacalul auriu) are o densitate mult mai mica in zona Crisan-Caraorman ajungand de la 11 GT (33 sacali) in 2012 la 5 GT (15 sacali) in decembrie 2015. Este ingrijorator si faptul ca pe teritoriul deltei Dunarii, hilacii sunt considerati specie posibil invaziva fara nici un studiu si fara a se avea in consideratie nici macar o caracteristica a speciilor invazive.
Cu ARBDD, WWF Romania si AGVPSR vom initia o colaborare continua si vom oferi sprijin tehnic si stiintific pentru aprecierea efectivelor de hilac pe tot teritoriul Romaniei. Dorim de asemenea o colaborare pentru analiza ecologie speciei prin studiu de continut gastric la exemplarele extrase accidental sau in partide controlate unde exista cote de recolta elaborate riguros in baza planului de monitoring prealabil managementului.
Calling stations

fieldwork on the boat

BAM on Jacob channel, Danube Delta

Urme de hilac (Canis aureus, L 1758)

Jennifer Hatlauf, specialist in management and ecology of wildlife
Here, recording jackals in Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve

droppings


Cristian & Roxana

Cristian & Cristi Mititelu

Sf Gheorghe

DDBRA, Tulcea

near Ianca, SE Romania


duminică, 13 decembrie 2015

Danubius Jackal Camp 2015

Between 15th and 18th of December 2015 a winter wildlife survey will take place in jackal specific natural areas from Romania. Crispus NGO Sibiu organized this activity within an interesting project of jackal habitat modelling in Europe leaded by Nathan Ranc, wildlife movement ecology specialist. The main objectives are to check BAM (bio-acoustic monitoring) in three areas out of our database points (green on maps, Fig 1 and 2) and to repeat BAM  in Caraorman and Zatoane complex (Nature Reserve in Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve) where we have intstalled calling stations in May 2015 (Fig 3 and Histria 2015 report here). We also aimed to check jackal density in our control area from Gura Dobrogei where we have calling stations installed since 2010, to a better understanding of jackal population dynamic at local scale and medium term. Crispus NGO Sibiu collaborate with DDBRA and ROMSILVA since 2010. 

Our team of Danubius Jackal Camp 2015 is composed by Ovidiu C. Banea (Environmental Ecologist, project leader), Jeniffer Hatlauf (Wildlife Ecology and Management specialist from Austria), Roxana Papp and Cristian R. Papp (Environmental Ecologists from Romania).







marți, 2 iunie 2015

HISTRIA 2015, wildlife survey in Danube Delta

HISTRIA 2015, wildlife survey in jackal specific ecological systems of Danube Delta



Brief report
by Ovidiu C. Banea

During the period 27-31 of May 2015 took place HISTRIA 2015, wildlife survey in Complexul Sacalin-Zatoane, Caraorman levee and Grindul Lupilor Nature Reserves all located in Danube Delta.
Student Felix Bocker, who is doing Master studies in Freiburg Germany, tried to find out if is possible to conduct his Master thesis in jackal ecology field, specially in movement patterns or bird communities interactions. The fieldwork was organized by Romanian Environmental Ecologist Ovidiu C Banea from Crispus NGO Sibiu Romania and Ilya Acosta Pankov, Environmental Ecologist from Yoluka NGO Sofia Bulgaria and PhD candidate in jackal population ecology in the program of Univ of Sofia with Prof Nikolai Spassov. Press release here.
First day after a brief daytime survey in the control area in Gura Dobrogei, we took the boat from Murighiol to Sfantu Gheorghe locality on southern main branch of the delta. We than installed 6 calling stations in Complexul Sacalin Zatoane. We also installed a laboratory with 5 camera-trapps in Sacalin Lagoon on the Black Sea Coast.
On second day we explored Caraorman Forest Nature Reserve and we did BAM (bioacoustic monitoring) on the channel between Crisan and Caraorman villages where Crispus NGO performed BAM in Oct 2012. At the end we had the opportunity to analyze a road-killed female jackal.
On third day we performed BAM in Grindul Lupilor Nature Reserve.

Results:
From 6 calling stations installed in Sacalin-Zatoane Complex we got responses only from the laboratory station from one territorial group. Here we recorded a jackal, cattle and birds.
In Caraorman we had jackal footprints in a cow dung. In the village we find out that a jackal was shot at the end of March 2015. Hunting is prohibited in Danube Delta with some exceptions. An impact assessment study has to be performed before every management measure. See Case Report here. In 2012 we got responses from 11 groups (approx 33 jackals), but now we got only from 5 groups (approx 15 jackals). This could be explained in part by less activity outside the dens during this time (according to Giannatos, pers comm) due to the 6 weeks age of newborns. We also have to mention that the fishermen are not present on the very well-known channel due to prohibition time.
In Grindul Lupilor, we also observed a decreasing of jackal territorial groups from 5 to 1.
The analyzed specimen was a 14 months old female. We measured heart, spline, stomach, kidneys, traquea and larynx, paws, liver and intestine. The stomach content weighted about 400 mg. Macroscopic analyze showed an amount of short and soft hair and skin of 40%, fat of 20%, scavenged meat 10% and graminea 10% and 20% water. These could be the rests of a dead cat. The field was agricultural landscape.